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How often will natural disasters occur in a warming climate?

Weather disasters are extremely damaging to humans (e.g., severe storms, heat waves, and flooding), our livelihoods (e.g., drought and wildfire), and to the environment (e.g., coral bleaching via marine heatwaves). Although heavy storms, severe drought, and prolonged heat waves are rare, they account for the majority of the resulting negative impacts. For individuals, governments, and businesses to be able to best prepare for these events, their frequency and severity need to be quantified accurately. A major challenge, however, is that we need to form our estimates using a limited amount of historical data and simulations, where extreme events appear rarely.…
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